How the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.) discussed the Karabakh issue in 1920-1923

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Conclusion

To quote Narimanov, the tragedy that began with granting autonomy to Nagorno-Karabakh was rooted in trusting outsiders.

In 1923, “a delayed action bomb with a clock-operated mechanism” was set to snap into action as soon as Soviet Russia pulled out of the Caucasus.

Grigory Orjonikidze’s idea formulated in July 1920 of “autonomy for Karabakh and organization of the Armenian population” has passed the test of time to become Russia’s lever of control in the region after the Soviet Union disappeared from the world map.


1 Kommunist, 2 December, 1920. Back to text
2 See: Radiogram of B. Legran to G. Orjonikidze. 02.12.1920, Russian State Archives of Social-Political History (hereinafter RGASPI), rec. gr. 85, inv. 14, f. 33, sheet 16 (all archival documents are in Russian unless otherwise stated). Back to text
3 G. Orjonikidze’s ciphered telegram to Legran and Chicherin. 01.12.1920, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 14, f. 33, sheet 12. Back to text
4 G. Orjonikidze’s letter to V. Lenin and I. Stalin, 02.12.1920. RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 14, f. 33, sheet 20. Back to text
5 Pravda, 4 December, 1920. Back to text
6 Conversation between A.M. Nazaretyan and G.K. Orjonikidze by direct telephone line. 01.12.1920, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 14, f. 37, sheet 1. Back to text
7 K istorii obrazovaniya Nagorno-Karabakhskoy avtonomnoy oblasti Azerbaidzhanskoy SSR. Dokumenty i materialy, Baku, 1989, p. 89. Back to text
8 From a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Committee (A. Mravyan) to representative of Soviet Armenia Ter-Gabrielyan. 04.01.1921, Foreign Policy Archives of the Russian Federation (hereinafter AVP RF), rec. gr. 04, inv. 39, folder 232, f. 53001, sheet 14. Back to text
9 See: Velikaya Oktyabrskaya sotsialisticheskaya revolutsia i pobeda Sovetskoy vlasti v Armenii, Erevan, 1957, pp. 437-438. Back to text
10 See: Nagorny Karabakh: istoricheskaya spravka, Erevan, 1988, pp. 28-29. Back to text
11 N. Narimanov’s letter to V. Lenin. 09.01.1922, RGASPI, rec. gr. 5, inv. 1, f. 1220, sheet 1. Back to text
12 See: I. Musa, Foreign Policy of Azerbaijan, Part II, Baku, 2010, p. 143 (in Azeri). Back to text
13 The Territories Disputed by the Transcaucasian Republics. 01.03.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 5, inv. 1, f. 2296, sheet 4. Back to text
14 Sh. Makhmudbekov’s Report to N. Narimanov. Copies to G. Sultanov and A. Karaev. 24.12. 1920, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 13, f. 177, sheets 2-3. Back to text
15 Sh. Makhmudbekov’s Report to N. Narimanov. Copy to G. Sultanov. 30.12.1920, State Archives of the Azerbaijan Republic (hereinafter GA AR), rec. gr. 27, inv. 4, f. 17, sheet 60. Back to text
16 Addition to Sh. Makhmudbekov’s Report to N. Narimanov of 24 December. Copies to G. Sultanov and A. Karaev. 24.12.1920, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 13, f. 71, sheets 1-1rev. Back to text
17 Protocol No. 4 of the joint meeting of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.) and Caucasian Bureau. 04.11.1920, Archives of Political Documents at the President of the Azerbaijan Republic (hereinafter APD UDP AR), rec. gr. 1, inv. 1, f. 22, sheet 20. Back to text
18 The Diplomatic Representatives of Soviet Russia in Erivan to People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs Chicherin. November 1920, GA AR, rec. gr. 28, inv. 1, f. 38, sheet 15. Back to text
19 Protocol No. 6 of the evening sitting of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 03.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 76rev. Back to text
20 Addendum to Protocol No. 6 of the Evening Sitting of the Plenary Session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 03.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 77. Back to text
21 Protocol No. 2 of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 02.05.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 57. Back to text
22 Bakinsky rabochy, 22 June, 1921, Back to text
23 Protocol No. 8 of the meeting of the C.C. of the Communist Party of Armenia. 15.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 105, sheet 11rev. Back to text
24 Askanaz Arutyunovich Mravyan was born in 1886 in Ganja; in 1906, graduated from a theological seminary in Erivan; in 1905, began cooperating with the Gnchak Party; upon Sovietization of Armenia, filled various high posts in the Foreign Ministry of Soviet Armenia; edited the Khorurdain Aystan newspaper (see: A.A. Mravyan’s Autobiography, 1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 8, f. 4020, sheet 13). Back to text
25 Protocol No. 9 of a meeting of the C.C. of the Communist Party of Armenia. 20.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 105, sheet 12rev. Back to text
26 Protocol No. 11 of a meeting of the C.C. of the Communist Party of Armenia. 27.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 105, sheet 17rev. Back to text
27 Protocol of a meeting of the C.C. of the Communist Party of Armenia. 07.08. 1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 105, sheet 18. Back to text
28 The Basic Premises on Uniting Nagorno-Karabakh and the Republic of Armenia. 1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 137, sheet 7-7rev. Back to text
29 Ibid., sheet 7rev. Back to text
30 Protocol No. 4 of a meeting of the C.C. of the Communist Party of Armenia. 23.05. 1921. RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 105, sheet 5rev. Back to text
31 Ibidem. Back to text
32 Registry of outgoing papers of Az.R.C. for 1921, GA AR, rec. gr. 410, inv. 2, f. 14, sheet 14. Back to text
33 Ibid., sheet 7. Back to text
34 Protocol of a meeting of the Politburo and Orgburo of the C.C. of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan. 05.02.1922, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 71, f. 123, sheet 26. Back to text
35 Protocol No. 6 of the evening sitting of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 03.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 76. Back to text
36 See: Addendum to protocol No. 6. Strictly confidential. 03.06.1921, GA AR, rec. gr. 410, inv. 1, f. 98, sheet 5.Back to text
37 Protocol No. 2 of the sitting of the Caucasian Bureau of C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 02.05.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 57. Back to text
38 Protocol of a sitting of the Council of People’s Commissars of Azerbaijan. 26.06.1921, GA AR, rec. gr. 411, inv. 1, f. 12, sheet 1. Back to text
39 Telegram of N. Narimanov to G. Orjonikidze and A. Myasnikov (copies to A. Mravyan and A. Karaev). 28.06.1921. RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 13, f. 98, sheet 1; N. Narimanov, Izbrannye proizvedenia (Selected Works), Baku, 1989, pp. 523-524. Back to text
40 The C.C. of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan to the Faction of the CPC of Azerbaijan S.S.R. 28.07.1921, GA AR, rec. gr. 411, inv. 1, f. 12, sheet 3. Back to text
41 A. Shirvani to the C.C. C.P. of Azerbaijan. 04.08.1921, GA AR, rec. gr. 411, inv. 1, f. 12, sheet 1. Back to text
42 Protocol No. 20 of the sitting of the Politburo and Orgburo of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 27.06.1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 1231, sheet 64. Back to text
43 Conversation of A.G. Shirvani and N. Narimanov by direct phone line with M.D. Huseynov. 27.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 215, sheet 14. Back to text
44 Telegram of G. Orjonikidze and S. Kirov to N. Narimanov. 26.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 18, f. 229, sheets 1-2. Back to text
45 Protocol No. 5 of a sitting of the Presidium of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 27.06.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 2, sheet 73. Back to text
46 Protocol of a meeting of the CPC of Azerbaijan. 28.06.1921, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 9, sheet 10. Back to text
47 Report of Chairman of the Shusha Uezd B. Buniyatov to N. Narimanov and G. Sultanov, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 249/II, sheets 31-32. Back to text
48 Protocol No. 11 of the evening sitting of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 04.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 118. Back to text
49 Ibidem. Back to text
50 T. Kocharli, Karabakh: Lies and Truth, Baku, 1998, p. 172 (in Azeri). Back to text
51 Protocol No. 11 of the evening sitting of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 04.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 114. Back to text
52 Ibidem. Back to text
53 Protocol No. 12 of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 05.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 112. Back to text
54 Ibidem. Back to text
55 Ig. Aliev, Nagorno-Karabakh: Istoria. Fakty. Sobytia, Baku, 1989, p. 84. Back to text
56 See: G. Episkoposyan, “Stalin i armyansky vopros,” Kommunist, 22 January, 1989. Back to text
57 A. Karsetsi, Konflikty mezhdu narodami i puti ikh preodoleniya. K probleme Nagornogo Karabakha, Ayastan, Erevan, 1990, p. 31. Back to text
58 Nagorny Karabakh: istoricheskaya spravka, p. 33. Back to text
59 See: Protocol No. 8 of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 02-03.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheets 87-88; Protocol No. 8 of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.) with representatives of local party organizations and trade unions. 02-03.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 18, f. 59, sheets 12, 14. Back to text
60 Protocol No. 8 of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.) with representatives of local party organizations and trade unions. 02-03.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 18, f. 59, sheet 14. Back to text
61 A. Bekzadyan’s letter to G. Chicherin. 15.04.1921, AVP RF, rec. gr. 04, inv. 39, folder 232, f. 53001, sheets 58-59. Back to text
62 Ibid., sheet 59. Back to text
63 Ibid., sheet 62. Back to text
64 G. Chicherin’s letter to Ter-Gabrielyan. 21.04.1921, AVP RF, rec. gr. 04, inv. 39, folder 232, f. 53001, sheet 63. Back to text
65 G. Chicherin’s telegram to B. Legran. 22.04.1921, AVP RF, rec. gr. 04, inv. 39, folder 232, f. 53001, sheet 65.Back to text
66 G. Melik-Shakhnazarov, “Politizatsia istorii kak istochnik napryazheniya mezhnatsionalnykh otnosheniy,” in:Mayendorfskaya deklaratsia 2 noyabrya 2008 goda i situatsiya vokrug Nagornogo Karabakha, Collection of articles, Moscow, 2008, p. 311. Back to text
67 V.A. Zakharov, S.T. Sarkisyan, “Azerbaidzhano-karabakhskiy konflikt: istoki i sovremennost,” in:Mayendorfskaya deklaratsia 2 noyabrya 2008 goda i situastiya vokrug Nagornogo Karabakha, p. 221. Back to text
68 A. Myasnikov’s talk with G. Orjonikidze by direct telephone line. August 1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 18, f. 177, sheet 4. Back to text
69 Materials of the First Congress of the Communist Party of Armenia. 26-29.01.1922, RGASPI, rec. gr. 1, inv. 1, f. 232, sheets 22-23. Back to text
70 Information about the protocols of the C.C. C.P. of Azerbaijan for July 1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 90, sheet 173rev. Back to text
71 Protocol of a sitting of the CEC of Azerbaijan. 19.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 31, sheet 122. Back to text
72 N. Narimanov, op. cit., pp. 533-534. Back to text
73 Protocol No. 22 of the meeting of the Political and Organizational Bureau of the C.C. C.P. (B.) of Azerbaijan. 20.07.1921. APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 2, f. 18, sheet 94; RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 92, sheet 51. Back to text
74 A. Karaev’s telegram from Shusha to Chairman of the CPC of Azerbaijan N. Narimanov. Copy to M.D. Huseynov. 23.07. 1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 3, f. 104, sheet 209. Back to text
75 Protocol No. 27 of the meeting of the Politburo and Orgburo of the C.C. Az.C.P. 08.08.1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 2, f. 18, sheet 114rev. Back to text
76 Protocol of the extraordinary Congress of the Soviets of the 2nd Part of the Shusha Uezd. 01.08.1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 2, f. 18, sheets 120-120rev. Back to text
77 See: Pravda o Nagornom Karabakhe, Stepanakert, 1989, p. 31. Back to text
78 Report by L. Mirzoyan at the C.C. Az.C.P. (Copy to the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.)) about his trip to the mountainous part of Karabakh. 03.08.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 95, sheet 3rev. Back to text
79 Protocol No. 27 of the meeting of the Politburo and Orgburo of the C.C. Az.C.P. 08.08.1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 2, f. 18, sheets 114-114rev. Back to text
80 Information supplied by Secretary of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.) Figatner to Kirov. August 1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 129, f. 107, sheet 58. Back to text
81 S. Kirov’s inquiry to A. Karaev and L. Mirzoyan. August 1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 129, f. 107, sheet 58. Back to text
82 A. Karakozov’s telegram to the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 19.06.1920, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 1, f. 126, sheet 11. Back to text
83 Secret report of the Transcaucasian Territorial Committee of the R.C.P. 16.08.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 85, f. 340, sheet 248. Back to text
84 Protocol No. 30 of a meeting of the Politburo and Orgburo of the C.C. Az.C.P. 29.09.1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 2, f. 18, sheet 158rev. Back to text
85 Protocol of a meeting of the Orgburo of the C.C. Az.C.P., 06.10.1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 125, sheet 9. Back to text
86 Protocol of a sitting of a joint conference of the executives of Karabakh (Shusha, Javanshir, Gubadli, and Karyagino) and members of the Orgburo of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 21.10.1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 2, f. 74, sheets 23-23rev. Back to text
87 Protocol No. 20 of the meeting of the Orgburo of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 24.10. 1921, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 2, f. 15, sheets 15 rev.-16. Back to text
88 Stalin’s letter about the situation in the Communist Party of Azerbaijan and the representative of Karabakh in the CEC of Azerbaijan. 22.05.1922, RGASPI, rec. gr. 558, inv. 11, f. 746, sheet 1. Back to text
89 S. Kirov’s confidential letter to Stalin. 18.06.1922, RGASPI, rec. gr. 558, inv. 11, f. 746, sheet 2. Back to text
90 Telegram sent by Kirov and Matyushin to the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 01.08.1922, RGASPI, rec. gr. 80, inv. 25, f. 2, sheet 1. Back to text
91 See: K istorii obrazovania Nagorno-Karabakhskoy avtonomnoy oblasti Azerbaidzhanskoy SSR. Dokumenty i materialy, p. 127. Back to text
92 Decision of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 30.10. 1922, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 129, sheet 40. Back to text
93 See: Pravda o Nagornom Karabakhe, p. 32. Back to text
94 Decision of CEC and CPC of Azerbaijan “On Nagorno-Karabakh.” December 1922, GA AR, rec. gr. 411, inv. 1, f. 48, sheet 201. Back to text
95 Protocol No. 56 of the joint sitting of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.) and the Communist faction in the CEC of Azerbaijan. 15.12.1922, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 58, sheets 175-175rev. Back to text
96 Protocol No. 57 of the meeting of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 17.12. 1922, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 249/II, sheet 28. Back to text
97 S. Kirov’s telegram to the TCTC of the C.C. R.C.P. and A. Myasnikov. 1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 85, f. 316, sheet 155. Back to text
98 Telegram of S. Kirov and A. Karakozov to A. Ionisyan, Secretary of the C.C. C.P. of Armenia. 22.01.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 85, f. 316, sheet 155. Back to text
99 S. Kirov’s telegram to the TCTC of the C.C. R.C.P. and A. Myasnikov. 30.01.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 85, f. 316, sheet 153. Back to text
100 How to Deal with the Karabakh Issue Project. 20.05.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 132, sheets 113-114. Back to text
101 Protocol No. 20 of the meeting of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 20.06.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 132, sheet 110. Back to text
102 E. Khanbudagov’s special opinion on the Nagorno-Karabakh issue. 20.06.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 132, sheet 115. Back to text
103 Protocol No. 20 of the meeting of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. 01.07.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 132, sheet 145rev. Back to text
104 Extract from Protocol No. 14 of the meeting of the Presidium of the CEC of Azerbaijan. 04.07.1923. APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 129, sheet 38. Back to text
105 The authors of Karabakh: Real History. Facts. Documents Ya. Makhmudov and K. Shukurov translated into many languages confused Makhmud Faraj ogly Khanbudagov (1898-1937), who between August 1922 and December 1923 was Secretary of the CEC of Azerbaijan, and Eyyub Shirin oglu Khanbudagov (1893-1937), who in 1922-1924 was Secretary of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B). They wrote that the Decree on Setting up the Autonomous Region of Nagorno-Karabakh had been signed by E.Sh. Khanbudagov (should be Makhmud Khanbudagov) (see: Ya. Makhmudov, K. Shukurov, Karabakh: Real History. Facts. Documents, Baku, 2005, p. 64, in Azeri). In December 1923, Makhmud Khanbudagov was sent to Moscow to study at the Moscow Socialist Academy. In 1926, after completing the course, he returned to Baku where he filled different posts. In 1936, he was arrested as an active counterrevolutionary and Trotskyite (see: Personal file of Makhmud Khanbudagov, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 8, f. 5593, sheet 1; Information supplied by Deputy People’s Commissar for Internal Affairs of the T.S.F.S.R. Stepanov to TCTC Secretary L. Beria. 10.09.1936, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 16, inv. 1, f. 5666, sheet 1). Back to text
106 Decree of the CEC of Azerbaijan On Setting up the Autonomous Region of Nagorno-Karabakh. 07.07.1923, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 73, sheet 135. Back to text
107 Protocol No. 15 of a joint sitting of the Presidium of the CEC of Azerbaijan and the CPC 21.07.1923, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 67, sheet 63. Back to text
108 Ibidem. Back to text
109 B. Buniyatov’s letter to S. Kirov. September 1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 123, sheet 163. Back to text
110 S. Kirov’s telegram to A. Karakozov and B. Buniyatov. 1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 85, f. 329, sheet 42. Back to text
111 Document “On the History of Setting up the Autonomy of Nagorno-Karabakh,” APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 249/I, sheet 41. Back to text
112 Protocol of a meeting of the commission for delimitating autonomous Karabakh and Kurdistan. 07.07.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 132, sheet 170. Back to text
113 Decree of the CEC of Azerbaijan on setting up the Kurdistan Uezd. 21.07.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 125, f. 303, sheet 33. Back to text
114 See: Vsesoyuznaya perepis naselenia 1937 goda: obshchie itogi. sbornik dokumentov i materialov,Moscow, 2007, pp. 107-108. Back to text
115 Protocol No. 12 of the plenary session of the Caucasian Bureau of the C.C. R.C.P. (B.). 05.07.1921, RGASPI, rec. gr. 64, inv. 1, f. 1, sheet 122. Back to text
116 Decree of the CEC of Azerbaijan On Setting up the Autonomous Region of Nagorno-Karabakh. 07.07.1923, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 73, sheet 135. Back to text
117 Protocol No. 15 of a joint sitting of the Presidium of the CEC of Azerbaijan and the Council of People’s Commissars of the A.S.S.R. 21.07.1923, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 67, sheet 63. Back to text
118 See: Report of A. Atatev in the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 31.10. 1920. APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 1, f. 81, sheet 35rev. Back to text
119 Report of members of the Karabakh Uezd Committee in the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 11.07.1920. APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 1, f. 126, sheet 20. Back to text
120 Protocol No. 56 of a joint sitting of the Communist faction of the CEC of Azerbaijan and the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. 15.12.1922, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 58, sheet 175rev. Back to text
121 Statement of the plenipotentiary representatives of the city of Shusha R. Aliev, I. Musaev, B. Sarabi and G. Shamshiev at the CEC of Azerbaijan. 09.08.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 85, f. 329, sheets 38-39. Back to text
122 S. Manutsyan’s telegram to S. Kirov. 03.08.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 85, f. 329, sheet 3. Back to text
123 Telegram of M. Mirbagirov and A. Guliev to the Congress of the Soviets of the Transcaucasus. Copies to S. Kirov, M.J. Bagirov and G. Orjonikidze. 04.01.1924. RGASPI, rec. gr. 85, inv. 24, f. 728, sheet 1. Back to text
124 Extract from a protocol of the sitting of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 17.04.1924, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 174, f. 136, sheet 41. Back to text
125 Decree of the CEC of Azerbaijan On Setting up the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region. 07.07.1923, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 73, sheet 136. Back to text
126 Protocol No. 26 of a meeting of the Presidium of the CEC of Azerbaijan. 14.07.1923. APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 132, sheet 157. Back to text
127 Protocol No. 27 of a meeting of the Presidium of the CEC of Azerbaijan. 23.07.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 132, sheet 173. Back to text
128 Bakinsky rabochy, 30 July, 1923. Back to text
129 Protocol No. 1 of a meeting of the Commission for drafting a Statute for the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region. July 1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 249/I, psheet 63-65. Back to text
130 Protocol of a meeting of the Commission set up to clarify the border issues between the Agdam Uezd and NKAR. 05.06.1924, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 137, sheet 59. Back to text
131 Protocol No. 40 of a meeting of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 08.10. 1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 291/I, sheet 51. Back to text
132 Memo on the State of Affairs in Karabakh of member of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.) M.J. Bagirov to the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 134, sheets 7-8. Back to text
133 Ibid., sheet 7rev. Back to text
134 Ibid., sheet 8rev. Back to text
135 The Statute of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region. 1924, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 137, sheet 98. Back to text
136 The Statute of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region. 1924, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 1733, sheet 12rev. Back to text
137 For more information see: A. Pashaev, Tracing down Undisclosed Information, Baku, 2001, p. 342 (in Azeri).Back to text
138 The decision of the CEC of Azerbaijan on the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region. 1924, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 249/II, sheets 33-34. Back to text
139 See: Ot Mayendorfa do Astany. Printsipialnye aspekty armyano-azerbaidzhanskogo nagono-karabakhskogo konflikta, Moscow, 2010, p. 42. Back to text
140 A. Karakozov’s letter to S. Kirov. 1925, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 142, sheet 100. Back to text
141 Protocol of a sitting of the smaller Presidium of the CEC of Azerbaijan. 01.08.1923, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 2, f. 3082, sheet 47. Back to text
142 Order of the CEC of Soviets of Azerbaijan. 06.08.1923, GA AR, rec. gr. 379, inv. 3, f. 89, sheets 1-1rev. Back to text
143 K istorii obrazovaniya Nagorno-Karabakhskoy avtonomnoy oblasti Azerbaidzhanskoy SSR. Dokumenty i materialy, pp. 187-188. Back to text
144 For more on renaming Khankendi Stepan kend, see: Protocol No. 40 of a meeting of the Presidium of the C.C. Az.C.P. (B.). 08.10.1923, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 74, f. 134, sheet 3; APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 249/I, sheet 69. Back to text
145 From S.M. Kirov’s report at the 6th Congress of the Az.C.P. (B.). 05.05.1924, APD UDP AR, rec. gr. 1, inv. 169, f. 249/II, sheet 4. Back to text
146 N. Narimanov, K istorii nashey revolutsii v okrainakh (Pismo I.V. Stalinu), Baku, 1992, p. 59. Back to text

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