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Region Profile

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Location: Southwest part of Azerbaijan (had no common border with Armenia)

Territory: 4,400 sq. km (1,700 sq. miles)

The Nagorno-Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan is part of the geographical area called Garabagh (Qarabağ). The name of this part of the country consists of two Azerbaijani words: “qara” (black) and “bağ” (garden).

This area covers the lands from the Araz River in the south to the Kur River in the north, and from junction of the Kur and Araz Rivers in the east to the eastern ranges of the Lesser Caucasus in the west.



  • At present: estimated to be around 100,000-160,000
  • Before the conflict: 185,000 (1989)

National composition

  • At present: 100% Armenian
  • Before the conflict: 75% Armenian, 25% Azeri (1989)



  • Azerbaijan: 200,000
  • Armenia: 229,000 (by other reports 300,000-400,000)

 Internally Displaced Persons (IDP’s):

  • Azerbaijan (“mainland”): 650,000
  • Armenia: almost none
  • Armenians in Mountainous Karabakh: approx. 15,000
  • Nakhichevan AR of Azerbaijan: almost none

 Losses from both sides during the conflict:

  • Killed: 25,000-30,000

Other impacts:

  1. Ethnic cleansing committed against Azeris in Armenia and in the occupied 20 % of Azerbaijan;
  2. Partial ethnic cleansing against the Armenian population in the rest of Azerbaijan;
  3. Billions of dollars of economic damage resulting from war destruction, embargo policies;
  4. Environmental pollution and damage to both countries.
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Legal aspects of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

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Historical background of Armenian-Azerbaijan conflict