Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

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Information about refugees forcedly expelled from Armenia and occupied territories.

250,000 Azerbaijanis who for centuries lived in the territory of Armenia, were totally expelled from the their native lands  and took shelter in Azerbaijan as the result of alleged ethnic cleansing carried out by Armenians in 1988-1992s. At the same time 50,000 Meskheti Turks, exiled from the Central Asia in 1990s, also took shelter in Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijanis are driven out from their lands.

The program of compelled displacement of Azerbaijanis from 126 settlements in Nagorny Karabakh – which formed an integral part of Azerbaijan – was carried out from 1988. One of the most tragic acts occurred  during this period. The town of Khojaly, with a population of 7,000, in Nagorny Karabakh, was razed to the ground by Armenian military forces with the support of Soviet troops. 613 civilians  died , and 150 people were reported missing. 1,000 civilians became  disabled in of various categories, 1,275 persons – including elderly, women, children – were taken hostages and subjected to humiliation, oppression and torture.

Azerbaijan  territory – Nagorny Karabakh and the adjacent 7 regions were occupied; 600 thousand compatriots were deprived of permanent residence and became internally displaced persons, taking shelter in 62 towns and regions, and more than 1,600 living stations of the republic, as a result of the military action  since 1988.

In the view of safety, more than 100 thousand compatriots had to leave borderline permanent living stations of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, Agdjabadi, Agdam, Agstafa, Fuzuli, tartar, Goranboy, Gadabay, Gazakh and Tovuz, bordering with the Armenian Republic and Nagorny Karabakh.

There are also 11,000 persons, seeking “refugee” status (shelter), in Azerbaijan. The majority of them are Russian citizens of Chechen origin, Afghans and persons from Iran, Iraq, Palestine.

There are about one million refugees, internal displaced persons and people seeking  “refugee” status (shelter) in Azerbaijan at present.

Between1988-1992s 20,000 Azerbaijanis perished, 100,000 people were wounded, 50,000 were disabled of different categories as a result of the conflict.

During the conflict 4,852 Azerbaijanis (including 54 children, 323 women and 410 elderly persons) went missing, 1368 of them (including 169 children, 338 women and 286 elderly persons) were released from captivity, but 783 (including 18 children, 46 women and 69 elderly persons) are still  in Armenia now. According to the International Committee of Red Cross, 439 persons were captured.

It is impossible to calculate the damage caused by the conflict  on Azerbaijan national culture in Nagorny Karabakh and adjacent regions. Some of the material and spiritual wealth destroyed was unique to Azerbaijan.  According to primary data, more than USD 60 billion damage were caused to the Azerbaijani economy along with psychological shock.

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