Illegal Transfer in Figures
Costs (in US dollars) of the kinds of battle equipment, arms and military property transferred to Armenia from January 1993, to December 1996 (based on the average commercial prices):
|N||Name||Price per item||Quantity||Total cost|
|1||R-17 missile systems||210,000||8||1,680,000|
|2||«Krua» surface-to-air systems||300.000||27||8,100,000|
|Missiles for Them||300,000||349||104,700,000|
|3||Missiles for the «Osa» Surface-to-air systems||200,000||40||8,000,000|
|5||BMP-2 Armored Combat Vehicles||280,000||50||14,000,000|
|6||122 nun D-30 howitzers||52,000||36||1,872,000|
|7||155 mm D-20 howitzers||40,000||18||720,000|
|9||«Grad» multiple missile systems||250,000||18||4,500,000|
|11||Portable «igla» anti-aircraft systems||40,000||40||1,600,000|
|Missiles for Them||40,000||200||8,000,000|
|17||Shells for ACV (BMP-2)||30||478,480||14,354,400|
|18||BM anti-tank self-targeting missiles||330,000||4||1,320,000|
|Anti-tank self-targeting missiles||8,400||945||7,938,000|
|20||Different types of bullets||1||227,253,000||227,253,000|
|?||Other types of weapons, equipment and military property||Apprx. 270,000,000.00|
(with transportation and other costs) apprx.$ 1 billion
Arms, equipment and military property also include: transporting and weapon loading machines, various types of movable oil-wheels radio (including space communications stations), sets of communications equipment field communications cables target! detection stations tanking equipment fuel, accumulators of carious types (including battle tank ones), oil barrels, spare parts to tanks, cannons and BMP’s, tank engines etc.
Below is a breakdown of Armenia’s military hardware illegally stationed on Azerbaijan’ occupied territories
|N||Military Units||Location||Battle Tanks||ACV||AP|
|1||583 Independent Infantry Brigade||Agdaban||13||15||15|
|2||2 Independent Infantry Brigade||Karakhanbeyli||29||23||36|
|3||83 Independent Infantry Brigade||Dashkesan||20||27||22|
|4||Mardakert Infantry Division||Mardakert||76||79||74|
|5||Askeran Infantry Regiment||Agdam||32||43||42|
|6||Martuni Infantry Regiment||Martuni||40||60||40|
|7||Hadrut Infantry Regiment||Gadrut||20||32||22|
|8||Stepanakert Infantry Regiment||Khankendi||18||28||22|
|9||Khojaly Training Unit||Khojaly||52||7||39|
|10||Shusha Infantry Regiment||Shusha||16||10||10|
|Armored Combat vehicles||?324|
At the end of 1993 and beginning of 1994, 23 T-72 battle tanks and 12 ACV?s transferred to Armenia by the Russian Federation were captured in the course of combat activities on the territory of Azerbaijan.
Violation of International norms by Russia
Security Council Resolution No. 853 (paragraph 10) of July 29. 1993
– Calls states to refrain from deliveries of weapons and military property, which could bring about escalations of conflict or continuing an occupation of territory.
Security Council Resolution No. 884 (paragraph 6) of November 12, 1993
– Strongly calls all states in the region to refrain from any hostile acts and from any interference, which could spread conflict and undermine peace and security in the region.
General Assembly Resolution 51/45
– Envisages measures on the prevention of illegal deliveries and illegal using of usual weapons.
General Assembly Resolution 51/47 B
– Report of Commission on the Disarmament.
CIS: A declaration on abstaining from use or threat of force in relations between the states. (Meeting of Council of CIS Heads of States, March 20, 1992, Kiev).
– Paragraph 2 of the Declaration stated that member – states declare that they «…do not deliver weapons to the zones of conflicts.»
Agreement on Collective Security (May 15,1992)
– Article 1 «…Member – states will not take part in actions directed against other member-states.»
Memorandum on Peacekeeping and Stability in the CIS. (February 10,1995)
– Violations of paragraphs 1, 3, 5, 8, 9.
The Tashkent Agreement principles and compliance with the CFE Treaty (May 1992)
– Violated Article 4, paragraph 1.
Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE)
– Violated provisions of Treaty – Article VIII paragraph 8, Article XIII;
– Protocol on notification and information exchange. Section VIII, paragraph 1, sub-paragraph (B);
– Protocol on notification and information exchange, Section IX, paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs (A) and (B);
– Protocol on notification and information exchange, Section X, paragraph 1, sub-paragraphs (A) and (B);
– Also this information is not reflected in annual military information exchange, presented according to provisions of Protocol on notification and information exchange, Section VII, paragraph 1, sub-paragraph (C);
– Unauthentic information is presented within the framework of the annual military informa?tion exchange (Chapter I. paragraphs 9.10,13-15)
– Global Military Information Exchange Presented Unauthentic information (paragraph 3.4,6).Besides violating international norms, officials, who have been implementing the illegal supplies of arms and equipment to Armenia, violated the laws of Russian Federation:In accordance with the law of the Russian Federation (RF) «On Defense», the-Government of RF sets the procedure for transfer, sale and liquidation of arms, equipment and military property;
– Article 2 of the Provision «On military-technical cooperation of Russian Federation with foreign countries»
– Article 65 of the Guidelines «For arms equipment, military property and other properly in the USSR Armed Forces» (annex to the USSR MoD Order No.260-1979)
– Instruction of the RF President No, 623-RPC of September 9, 1993, to prohibit all arms, equipment supplies to Armenia and Azerbaijan until special order is placed and the peaceful settlement of the conflict in Mountainous Karabakh;The Russian legislation further envisages criminal responsibility for the following actions:
– Illegal transfer of weapons (Article 222 of RF Criminal Code) planning, preparation or promotion of military aggression (Article 353 of the RF Criminal Code).
Source: «Karabakh» [info book] XXI YNE Baku 1999 (in English) pp.124-125, 139-140